Asbestos Exposure in the Army
From the 1930s to the 1970s, the U.S. Army relied on a variety of asbestos products for constructing bases and servicing military vehicles. Working with asbestos products can send toxic dust into the air, endangering the worker and all other personnel in the area.
After toxic asbestos dust accumulates in a person’s lungs, it can lead to the development of pleural mesothelioma many years later. When Army asbestos exposure is the cause, the cancer usually does not develop until long after the service member has retired from the military.
How Army Veterans Were Exposed to Asbestos
Construction Trades and Vehicle Maintenance
For most of the 20th century, construction tradesmen and mechanics were routinely ordered to install or disturb asbestos-containing materials without being given adequate respiratory protection. This was true in the civilian workforce and the Army.
In the Army, though, there was an additional mandate to use as many asbestos products as possible to fireproof and strengthen military buildings and vehicles to make them more battle ready.
Army Roles with High Risk of Asbestos Exposure
- Insulation installation
- Vehicle servicing and repair
Some of the most hazardous asbestos products were insulation materials for walls, pipes and air ducts. Asbestos insulation is typically light and fragile, easily releasing asbestos fibers into the air when disturbed.
Other asbestos-containing products such as cement and drywall compound filled the air with toxic dust when they were mixed for use. Premade products such as wall panels, shingles and vinyl tiles released asbestos dust when they were cut to size or smashed during demolition.
Army mechanics were exposed to asbestos while working on all types of military vehicles, from helicopters and tanks to common jeeps and trucks. This is because asbestos was almost universally used in certain machine parts.
Common Asbestos-Containing Vehicle Parts
- Brake linings
- Engine heat shields
Environmental Exposure at Army Bases
Army buildings are utilitarian in design, often leaving plumbing and HVAC systems exposed. This, combined with a lack of asbestos safety procedures, meant tradesmen often worked on asbestos-containing materials in the same areas where other soldiers were working, eating or sleeping.
As early as the 1930s, asbestos industry executives and military medical officers were aware of the dangers of asbestos exposure. But business leaders suppressed information about the risks, and the military ignored its doctors’ concerns as it prepared to mobilize for World War II.
Subsequently, Army personnel were kept in the dark about asbestos exposure hazards for decades, until the government finally began regulating asbestos products in the 1970s. The Army phased out its use of new asbestos products, but asbestos-containing materials remained in its bases around the world.
In 1998, as part of a broad environmental cleanup of its facilities, the Army introduced its Installation Asbestos Management Program.
Today, Army policy instructs personnel on how to safely manage asbestos-containing materials and ensures compliance with local, state and federal laws on asbestos safety.
Treatment for Army Veterans
The VA health care systems in Boston, Los Angeles, Miami and Houston are served by some of the nation’s top experts in pleural mesothelioma treatment. The VA provides treatment for service-connected cancer free of charge and can assist veterans with traveling to receive care from a specialist.
If an Army veteran’s diagnosis is not connected to their military service, they may still qualify for subsidized medical treatment through the VA.
In 2017, the Department of Defense awarded a three-year grant to a team studying the DNA of tumors caused by military asbestos exposure. The project is investigating whether veterans with pleural mesothelioma could benefit from new targeted cancer treatments.
Compensation for Army Veterans with Mesothelioma
Veterans with mesothelioma can receive monthly disability compensation by filing a claim to the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. For the VA claim to be approved, it must include medical records of the diagnosis and documentation of how the veteran was exposed to asbestos in the Army.
An approved VA claim can also guarantee dependency and indemnity compensation for surviving spouses of veterans who die of service-connected mesothelioma.
Legal Claims for Army Veterans
Outside the VA system, military families may also be able to receive financial compensation for a pleural mesothelioma diagnosis by filing a legal claim.
It is not possible to sue the Army, but the private companies that supplied asbestos products to the Army can be held liable for the toxic exposure they caused. In fact, many asbestos industry companies have set up trust funds to provide compensation to people harmed by their products.
It is important to evaluate every potential source of compensation, especially in cases where an Army veteran experienced asbestos exposure during their civilian career as well as their military career. An experienced mesothelioma attorney can help you through this process.